What is Bamboo Fabric: Benefits, Textiles, Types and How it Made

1. What is bamboo fabric?

So what is bamboo fabric? Just as its literally, bamboo fabric is a textile made from bamboo fibers. There are several bamboo fabrics such as organic bamboo fabric, bamboo rayon fabric, and bamboo linen fabric. Because of its excellent properties, bamboo textiles are popular all over the world such as bamboo shirts, bamboo bath towels, bamboo pants, bamboo bedding, and bamboo fabric clothing.

What is Bamboo Fabric Benefits, Textiles, Types and How it Made

2. What is bmaboo fiber?

In fact, bamboo fiber is a kind of cellulose fiber extracted from naturally grown bamboo. It is the fifth-largest natural fiber after cotton, hemp, wool, and silk. Bamboo fiber has the characteristics of excellent breathability, instant water absorption, strong wear resistance, and good dyeability, and at the same time, it has natural antibacterial, bacteriostatic and anti-ultraviolet functions. Experts point out that bamboo fiber is a truly natural and environmentally friendly green fiber. Bamboo fiber textiles are favored by consumers because they completely replicate and inherent characteristics of bamboo fibers, and the demand for those products is increasing year by year.

Bamboo fiber is the fifth largest natural fiber after cotton, hemp, wool and silk

There are two types of bamboo fiber. One is natural bamboo fiber, another is chemical bamboo fiber.

Natural bamboo fiber
Natural bamboo fiber is a cellulose fiber made by a combination of physical and chemical methods.

Chemical bamboo fiber
Chemical bamboo fiber can be divided into bamboo pulp fiber and bamboo charcoal fiber.
Bamboo pulp fiber: Firstly, people make the bamboo into pulp, and then making bamboo pulp fiber by wet spinning, which is basically similar to the manufacturing process of viscose.
Bamboo charcoal fiber: Based on the nanometer bamboo charcoal powder, it is a fiber product that is combined with the viscose spinning solution and woven through a special process. This special process is similar to the spinning process.

3. How is bamboo fabric made?

We have told you that there are two types of bamboo fiber, do you know how are they made?

The manufacturing process of natural bamboo fiber fabric:

Bamboo material → Bamboo slices (cut off the bamboo to remove the bamboo joints and split into bamboo slices, the length of the bamboo slices is determined according to the need) → Cooking bamboo slices (the bamboo slices are smelted in boiling water) → Crush the bamboo slices (take out the bamboo slices and crush them into filaments by a hammer) → Cook bamboo filaments (put the bamboo filaments into a pressure cooker to remove part of pectin, hemicellulose, lignin) → Soak in the biological enzyme degumming solution (soak the bamboo filaments are in a solution which containing biological enzymes to obtain cellulose fibers in bamboo) → Carding fibers, combine water and amine oxide to soften the fibers → spin it into bamboo yarn → Weave into bamboo fabric

Organic bamboo fabric

The manufacturing process of bamboo pulp fiber fabric:

How to make bamboo pulp fiber? Firstly, make bamboo flakes into pulp, and then make the pulp into fibers by wet spinning. The manufacturing process is similar to viscose.
However, the natural characteristics of the bamboo were destroyed during this processing, and the deodorizing, antibacterial and ultraviolet protection functions of the fiber were disabled.

The manufacturing process of bamboo charcoal fiber fabric:

Bamboo charcoal (heating the alpine bamboo to 450-550 ℃ for carbonization, and then still heating the carbonized bamboo material to 800-900 ℃ again) → Bamboo charcoal activation (spraying the bamboo charcoal after the above two heat treatments, the bamboo charcoal is rapidly cooled. At this time, due to the physical and chemical effects of water, there are vesicular structures on the bamboo charcoal, which increases the surface area of it. The activated bamboo charcoal has increased the density and became extremely hard. The carbon rate of which can reach 85% or more) → Crush the bamboo charcoal (crush the bamboo charcoal to make Nano-scale bamboo charcoal powder) → Combine the bamboo charcoal powder with the polyester or viscose and stir it to make those fibers evenly disperse in the original pulp) → spin it into bamboo yarn → Weave into the bamboo fabric.

Bamboo charcoal

4. Bamboo fabric benefits

Soft and warm
Bamboo fabric is one of the softest fabric, it is also durable with bright colors, you’ll love the way it feels when you are using bamboo products such as bamboo bath towel.

Super absorbent and breathable
The bamboo fiber is covered with small oval pores, which can absorb and evaporate a large amount of water. Bamboo fiber is three times as absorbent as cotton, so it is called the “breathable fiber” or the “queen of the fiber”. Bamboo fibers are ahead of the major textile fibers in terms of hygroscopicity, moisture resistance, and breathability.

Powerfully insulating
Bamboo fiber can make people feel pleasantly cool and breathable in summer; it is fluffy and comfortable in winter and spring and can eliminate excess water and heat from our body.

Antibacterial and bacteriostatic
Bacteria can multiply in cotton and wood fibers but would be killed by more than 75% on the bamboo fiber products after 24 hours, which is not available in other textile materials.

The UV penetration rate of bamboo fiber is 6/10000, while the UV penetration rate of cotton is 25000 / 10000. The anti-UV capability of bamboo fiber is 41.7 times that of cotton, which can protect yourself from skin cancer.

Bamboo fabric is an environment-friendly textile product. Bamboo can grow up to 3 feet overnight and renew quickly, so it can be used sustainably. To a large extent, it can alleviate the shortage of wood and cotton resources. Bamboo fiber textiles can be completely degraded by microorganisms and sunlight in the soil. This decomposition process will not cause any environmental pollution.

However, there are several disadvantages of bamboo fabric. For example, compared with cotton towels, bamboo bath towel have a shorter service life. Use over time, the coils of the bamboo bath towel will easily fall off, making the towel lose its previous smoothness and warmth. Compared with pure cotton fabrics, the breathability and instantaneous water absorption of bamboo textiles would gradually decrease after a period of time use. In view of the hype on bamboo textiles that many people have exaggerated their performance unilaterally, so we hope that consumers will correctly understand the advantages and disadvantages of bamboo fiber products.

5. Types of bamboo fabric

In recent years, different technologies have been developed that allow bamboo fiber to be used for a wide range of textile and fashion applications. In addition to pure bamboo fabric, bamboo fiber can also be blended with other fibers. It is one of the most popular raw materials to be selected by textile enterprises. It is also one of the indispensable raw materials for underwear, socks, and other fields. So now we will introduce several types of bamboo fabric in detail.

Organic bamboo fabric
Organic bamboo fabric is another manifestation of the versatility of bamboo plants. It has many advantages and is expected to exist for a long time. Organic bamboo fabric is made from long fibers from bamboo plants, which is quickly becoming an ideal choice and environmentally friendly fabric for all kinds of textile applications. It is also cheap but excellent and can match many of the more mature fabrics on the market.

Bamboo rayon fabric
People find that cellulose extracted from bamboo is suitable for processing into viscose rayon, which laid the foundation for the born of bamboo viscose fabric. Viscose manufactured from bamboo is promoted as having environmental advantages over viscose made with cellulose extracted from wood pulp.
Bamboo rayon fabric, also called bamboo viscose fabric, is a regenerated cellulose fiber fabric that extremely popular on the market recently. This regenerated bamboo fabric is suitable for a wide range of textile applications such as bamboo towels, bamboo shirts, bamboo bedding, bamboo pants and so on. Bamboo rayon fabric is more expensive than other cellulose fiber fabric, but it is superior to other fabrics in touch, appearance, and antibacterial properties.

Bamboo linen Fabric
The process of manufacturing bamboo linen is the same as linen fabric, which refers to the mechanical-bacterial process. So Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen fabric. In this way, the woody part of the bamboo is crushed mechanically before a natural enzyme retting and washing process is used to break down the walls and extract the fiber. This bast fiber is then spun into yarn. In fine counts, the yarn has a silky touch. Under this process, bamboo linen fabric is strong, durable, and is used for many ways with extremely high quality.

6. How to distinguish the quality of bamboo fabric?

By color
Good quality bamboo textiles have a bright appearance and excellent color fastness, and will not easily fade and discolor after washing or being under the blazing sun for quite a long time. Inferior bamboo fabric products are dull in color or have an obvious color difference, they are very easy to fade and discolor.

By shrink
Poor quality bamboo fabrics products will shrink significantly after washing, resulting in a reduction in the size of the appearance.

By odor
Poor bamboo fabric products often use chemical additives to make the appearance look beautiful, but it will leave the taste of chemical potions inevitably. The high-quality bamboo textiles have a fresh fragrance and a slight bamboo smell.

By feel
The higher the bamboo fiber content in the bamboo fabric, the finer and smoother it will be, otherwise it will feel rough and astringent or greasy.

By ash
There is no black smoke when burning good quality bamboo fabric products, and no ash after burning. Poor quality bamboo fabric products smoke badly when burning, and leaving gray and black ashes after burning.

By test
Flatten a piece of bamboo fabric to cover your mouth and then try to breathe to test the performance of its breathability. High-quality ones are evenly ventilated and smooth.

7. How to take care of your bamboo fabric products?

1. It is not advisable to rub and wring vigorously, just wring it gently.

2. Use a special laundry bag when washed in the washing machine. Because of its good water absorption, the weight of the bamboo bath towel is significantly increased after washing, therefore, it is best to hang it on a bar, a rack, or other items with a large stress area. If it is hung on sharp objects such as nails, hooks, etc., the local fibers in the hanging part are easily deformed or broken under the action of greater gravity, which shortens the life of the bamboo towels.

3. Bamboo fabrics should be washed at ordinary temperature, do not soak it in hot water, and avoid prolonged soaking (more than 12 hours). If ironing, be sure to choose a low-temperature setting.

4. Avoid sun exposure and drying as much as possible. After washing, they should be dried in a ventilated and dark place and just dry naturally.

5. Chlorine bleaching is not allowed during washing, and there is no need to add softener. Normal (alkaline) washing products are ok.

8. Bamboo textiles Recommend

If you are a wholesaler of bamboo textiles such as bamboo bath towel, then you have hit the right place. Fabricsale is a professional towel manufacturer and blankets supplier from China, Our bulk collection towels, blankets, and tablecloths are and can be customized in any way you deem fit. Don’t hesitate to personalized and towels and wholesale towels and blankets from Fabricsale, with the best prices on the highest quality of the greatest variety, getting in business with us is truly the best decision you will ever make.

For example, here we recommend you a luxury bamboo bath towel. Our bamboo bath towel is a soft, comfortable, breathable, eco-friendly, and super absorbent textile product made from 100% bamboo fiber or 100% cotton fiber, it is the best choice for luxury hotel, home, sports, kitchen, and beach.

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